It’s that time again…Q&A! Enjoy!
Hilary: I noticed that Powerade has some B12 in it. Is it really in a form that’s available for absorption by our bodies (i.e., bioavailable and not degraded by the time we drink it after its been sitting on the shelf for a while)?
Prevention RD: Vitamin B12 is somewhat of a complicated vitamin because it requires a protein called intrinsic factor for absorption. B12 is primarily found in meat and seafood and is therefore deficient in many vegetarian and vegan diets. The vitamin is most bioavailable (best absorbed) from “heme” sources (heme meaning “blood” containing or animal). Also of consideration is the acid content of the stomach — if someone is taking acid blockers, this can also affect the absorption of B12. To answer your question, in short, the form of B12 found in Powerade is not the most bioavailable and should not be relied on as a “supplement” form of B12 or to meet the RDA.
Hilary: If one buys omega-3 fortified eggs but does not eat the yolk are they still getting omega-3′s from the eggs? If not, is purchasing these eggs worth the small additional cost of them?
Prevention RD: I’m really glad you asked this! Omega 3′s are fat which would locate them (nearly exclusively) in the yolk of the egg. Don’t eat the yolk? Don’t waste your money on the omega 3 fortified eggs!
Hilary: Any favorite homemade BBQ sauce recipes that can be used in place of store bough varieties that contain HFCS? I just noticed that most brands I’ve bought have HFCS as their primary ingredient……oy!
Prevention RD: To be honest, this is the only one I’ve made. And, it’s really, really good. Be sure to buy a ketchup that is free of HFCS (there’s quite a few out there). Delicious!
Megan from Libre Clothing: When trying to lose weight I know it’s good suggestion to count calories so you can see how much you’re actually taking in and how many you are burning. What formula would you recommend would be the best to use to estimate what your calorie intake should be? Also, do you recommend eating back (in a healthy way of course) most of your exercise calories?
Prevention RD: Hi Megan! This might be long, sorry! My first step would be calculating both a person’s ideal body weight (IBW) based on gender and height (100 lbs + 5 lbs/inch over 5 ft for women and 106 lbs + 6 lbs/inch over 5 ft for men) and their percentage of ideal body weight (current body weight divided by IBW x 100). If the percentage ideal body weight is greater than 130%, the weight should be adjusted. When trying to achieve weight loss, you don’t “feed fat” the same as lean muscle mass or metabolic tissues and organs. The calculation for adjusted body weight is: (current weight – ideal weight) x 0.25 + ideal body weight. In essence, you are “feeding” 25% of the weight that is above the ideal body weight. At that point, you can use many different formulas. Most formulas use weight in kilogram (2.2 pounds per kilogram, so you divide a weight in pounds by 2.2 to get the weight in kilograms). I generally recommend 22-25 calories per kilogram to estimate calorie needs for weight loss. There are other equations out there, such as Harris-Benedict. Every equation has its strengths and weaknesses. As for eating back calories burned during exercise, I believe this to be wise. When I was losing weight, I was doing about 60 minutes of high-intensity cardio 5 days a week and would aim to “eat back” or replenish about half the number of calories expended. Exercise is such a valuable asset in weight loss because you can “play around” with those calories to help encourage weight loss during plateaus, etc. I always found it best to vary what I was doing with my intake (what I ate, in addition to some variation in the number of calories), and the same for exercise and energy burned. Some days, for instance, I would eat back all of my expended energy, other days half, and some days none at all (likely on a lighter workout day). I think you will hear a lot of different answers when you ask this question to nutrition professionals, but that’s my $0.02! Hope it helps!
Veronica from Veronica’s Cornucopia: Can you share any knowledge or wisdom you have about candida albicans and what effect the food we eat has on it? What is good to eat to balance our good and bad bacteria and what is bad? I know sugar is bad, and yogurt helps…any more you can share?
Prevention RD: Great question! You are correct. Simple sugars should be limited to help control candida growth. I would also encourage a lower carbohydrate diet for the treatment of candida (not low-carb, but 40% of calorie intake). Yogurt with live and active cultures, especially lactobacillus, can help treat, as well. Be sure to buy a yogurt that is low in sugar and carbohydrate that has a high count of live and active cultures (Kefir would be a great option for a drinkable yogurt). Outside of these recommendations, hydrate well with caffeine-free beverages and eat a balanced diet that is plentiful in fruits and vegetables. I wish there were a magic answer, but nothing else is scientifically sound!